Many of the records relating to the shortest-ever Grand Slam singles tennis final in history were established well before the so-called ‘Open Era’, which began in April, 1968. Consequently, timings tend to be a little ‘hit-or-miss’ so, as a reference point, let’s start with the altogether one-sided ladies’ single final at the French Open in 1988. On that occasion, Steffi Graff took just 32 minutes – split into two sessions, of nine minutes and 23 minutes apiece – to defeat Natasha Zvereva 6-0, 6-0. I’d had sessions on meilleurs jeux au casino that have lasted longer than that. Sacré bleu!
However, if earlier records are to be believed, in the Wimbledon ladies’ final in 1922, Suzanne Lenglen need just 23 minutes to dispatch Molla Mallory 6-2, 6-0. Wimbledon was also the scene of the shortest match in the history of Grand Slam tennis, albeit not in the final. In the first round of the ladies’ singles in 1969, Briton Susan Tutt beat compatriot 6-2, 6-0 in just 20 minutes, before losing 6-0, 6-1 to foruth seed, and eventual champion, Ann Jones in the second round.
Of course, in Grand Slam singles, men play best-of-five, rather than best-of-three, matches; heading even further back in the annals of tennis history, in 1881, William Renshaw needed just 37 minutes to defeat reigning champion John Hartley 6-0, 6-1, 6-1 in the men’s singles final at Wimbledon.
In more recent (today in fact!) Tennis news, three time Grand Slam winner Naomi Osaka has reached the semi final of the Australian Open 2021 in just 66 short minutes. She has already won two Australian Opens and is just the third player in tennis history to win all four of her first four Grand Slam final matches. I wonder if I can emulate that level of success on australia online casino. Time will tell!
Until the late Seventies, tennis racket frames were constructed by bonding together thin layers of wood, predominantly ash, but nowadays wooden racquets are considered obsolete, as are those made from aluminium, fibreglass or steel. That said, aluminium tennis rackets are lightweight, yet highly durable and resilient, so are still offered as a basic, inexpensive alternative for junior players and beginners of all ages.
Generally speaking, though, it would be fair to say that, in modern tennis, graphite – a naturally- occurring form of crystalline carbon – has taken over taken over the mantle held by wood for much of the twentieth century. Graphite, itself, is a strong, but lightweight, material; it is flexible, but not elastic, and can be formed into aerodynamic shapes, which travel faster through the air, allowing tennis players to hit the ball harder, with no loss of accuracy or control.
Most modern tennis rackets (known as tennis racquets in British English) contain graphite in one form of another, but 100% graphite racket frames tend to have a stiffer feel and transmit vibration, so are typically best suited to advanced players who hit with power. Graphite-composite rackets frames, on the other hand, consist of a more flexible, more forgiving blend of graphite and other materials, such as Kevlar, titanium and tungsten, which is suitable for players of all abilities, including beginners.
Hawk-Eye was the brainchild of British inventor Dr. Paul Hawkins, who graduated from Durham University with a PhD in Artificial Intelligence in 1999 and once described himself as a ‘pretty reasonable cricketer’. Indeed, Hawk-Eye was originally intended as a cricket application and, in 2001, was first used by television broadcasters to analyse leg before wicket (lbw) decisions.
Neverthless, the principle of employing a network of computer-controlled cameras to ‘triangulate’ the position of a ball in three-dimensional space and calculate its probable trajectory, or path, is equally applicable to tennis. Nowadays, Hawk-Eye is used in tennis tournaments worldwide, not just as a broadcast enhancement aid, but as an officiating tool, on which chair umpires and line judges rely.
Hawk-Eye, as a line-calling system, made its debut in an Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) Tour event at the Miami Open at the Crandon Park Tennis Center in Key Biscayne, Florida in 2006. Later that year, Hawk-Eye was put into operation at the US Open at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in New York City. According to ‘Tennis Week’, ‘Hawk-Eye eliminated interminable arguments and verbal assaults on umpires and linesmen that became such a nightmare and a form of gamesmanship years ago.’
Hawk-Eye™ is an officiating tool, intended to assist human line judges by providing an impartial second opinion on close line calls. Hawk-Eye uses a series of computer-controlled cameras, up to ten in total, placed around the court to gather information on the speed and trajectory of the ball. Using triangulation or, in other words, by determining the location of a point by forming triangles to that point from other, known points and measuring the angles of the triangles, Hawk-Eye constructs an animation of the most likely path, statistically, of the ball.
If a player challenges a line call, the animation can displayed on a screen, which can be seen by everyone involved, including spectators, to remove any doubt about whether a ball has bounced in or out. Hawk-Eye uses an algorithm, or a series of computer instructions, to estimate where a ball should have landed but, while it is not infallible, it is accurate to within a few millimetres and approved by the ITF, which employs the technology in 80 tournaments worldwide.
Hawk-Eye technology was first employed in a tournament sanctioned by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) at the Hopman Cup in Perth, Western Australia and in a Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) Tour event at the Miami Open, formerly the NASDAQ-100 Open, at Key Biscayne, Florida in 2006. The U.S. Open, later in 2006, was the first ‘Grand Slam’ event to use Hawk-Eye technology.