The ‘Mankad’ is a perfectly legal, but contentious, method of running out the non-striking batsman in a cricket match. If the non-striker is backing up or, in other words, advancing down the wicket in preparation for a quick run, the bowler may, according to the Laws of Cricket, attempt to run him/her out up to the point when he/she ‘would normally have been expected to release the ball’. According to the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), the law regarding the Mankad dismissal is essential to prevent the non-striker from advancing, unrestricted, down the wicket and, in so doing, gain a huge advantage by leaving his/her ground early
Nevertheless, the dismissal – named after Indian bowler Mulvantrai Himmatlal ‘Vinoo’ Mankad, who twice ran out Australian opening batsman William ‘Bill’ Brown during a tour of Australia in 1947/48 – has always been controversial. Some, but not all, batsmen consider the Mankad unsporting conduct on the part of the bowler and not within the spirit of the game. Others contend that, although there is no legal requirement to do so, a bowler should at least warn a batsman that he/she is in danger of dismissal if he/she persists in leaving his/her ground early – as Mankad originally did to Brown – before dismissing him/her.